The study examined the influence of light quality on the growth and nutritional status of romaine lettuce grown in deep water culture with a floating raft system using two different nutrient solutions. Four spectra of LED light were used with different ratios of R, G, and B lights (80:10:10, 70:10:20, 60:10:30, and 70:18:12).
Two nutrient solutions with a low (A) and moderately high (B) nutrient content were used. Regardless of the nutrient solution, the RGB 70:18:12 light promoted the production of leaf biomass as well as inhibited the accumulation of K and Mg in the leaves. Moreover, those plants were characterized by a low Nitrogen Balance Index (NBI) and a high flavonol index.
In the last week of cultivation, there was a strong decrease in K, P, and nitrates in the nutrient solution and an increase in Ca. In the final stage of growth, symptoms of the withering of the tips of young leaves (tipburn) were observed on the plants. The most damage was observed on the plants growing under 70:10:20, 70:18:12, and with the higher concentration of minerals in the solution (B).
Read the complete article at www.researchgate.net.
Matysiak, Bożena & Kaniszewski, Stanislaw & Dyśko, Jacek & Kowalczyk, Waldemar & Kowalski, Artur & Grzegorzewska, Maria. (2021). The Impact of LED Light Spectrum on the Growth, Morphological Traits, and Nutritional Status of ‘Elizium’ Romaine Lettuce Grown in an Indoor Controlled Environment. Agriculture. 11. 1133. 10.3390/agriculture11111133.