The dispensing of vertical cultivation technology in greenhouses in Russia has been held back due to the deficiency of a specific assortment of vegetable plants. This study focused on the possible species of cultivated crops for vertical hydroponics. The study was carried out at the Omsk State Agrarian University and focused on the growth of Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, otherwise known as beetroot, and its microgreens.
The goal was to study the technological peculiarities of vertical Beta vulgaris production, especially how to find the ideal crop rotation scheme in a container-type growing system. For growing green crops in vertical container-type greenhouses, including Beta vulgaris cutting, the sowing of seeds can be done in the seedling department, while bypassing the germination chamber. The sprouting period for Beta vulgaris seedlings is 7 days, Then after 3–4 months, the “Baby greens” leaves are cut, when the required parameters are reached by the plants in three weeks. Then the leaves are cut about 4–6 times from each container, after that a turnover is performed.
In conclusion, it appeared from the study that around 2.0–2.86 kg can be cut from one production section. Agrotechnological measures for the use of crop rotation in the cultivation of Beta vulgaris in vertical hydroponics allow starting an autonomous mobile complex with maximum efficiency.
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Kling, A & Kumpan, V & Pashek, V & Prokhorova, N. (2022). Agrotechnological peculiarities of crop combination in Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris cultivation in vertical hydroponics. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 954. 012035. 10.1088/1755-1315/954/1/012035.