This research project aims at investigating the performance of hydroponic nutrient solutions as draw solutions for desalination using the fertilizer drawn forward osmosis (FDFO) process. Six different lettuce and leafy greens hydroponic nutrient stock solutions were prepared according to the literature and used in this study and tested on a bench-scale forward osmosis unit as draw solutions for the process.
The feed solution for the process was deionized water mixed with NaCl in different concentrations, to represent different salinities of brackish groundwater. The draw efficiency of each solution was measured based on water flux, specific reverse solute flux, water recovery, and salt rejection.
It was concluded that of the six tested nutrient solutions, the “Resh Florida, California” solution is the recommended solution to be used as draw solution for fertilizer drawn forward osmosis, due to its high performance in terms of water recovery (15.75%), flux (11 L/m²/h), salt rejection (92%), and SRSF (highest recorded SRSF for a specific ion (SO4²⁻) was 7.3 g/L), as well as its low cost, relative to the other highly performing draw solution “Chekli” ($1.07/L vs. $3.73/L).
Read the complete research at www.researchgate.net.
Bassiouny, Mohamed & Nasr, Peter & Sewilam, Hani. (2022). Investigating the performance of hydroponic nutrient solutions as potential draw solutions for fertilizer drawn forward osmosis. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 10.1007/s11356-022-18701-5.