Growing plants on Mars will look considerably different from gardening here on Earth. For starters, the lack of an atmosphere and constant radiation will mean they’ll have to be grown indoors in a protected environment. We’ll probably need to use artificial lighting, but could Mars provide soil and water? Researchers at Iowa State University have been investigating and have found that we may be able to grow alfalfa on Mars.
Strictly speaking, Mars does not have soil. Soil is a living ecosystem, teeming with life. What Mars has is rock, mostly volcanic basalt. Basalt doesn’t contain much in the way of plant food. If we want to grow plants in basalt, then we need to (a) make the basalt more fertile and (b) choose plants that can grow in less-than-ideal conditions.
For this research, the scientists tried growing several different crops in finely ground basalt (standing in for Martian regolith). They found that while turnips, lettuce, and radishes did not grow well, alfalfa was able to thrive.
What’s more, they found that alfalfa improved the basalt soil. As a result, crops grown in basalt previously used to grow alfalfa grew much better. (Turnip yields increased by 311%.)
Read the complete article at www.theunconventionalgardener.com.