Red gold is an appellation given to the red stigma of saffron due to the importance and high value of this plant. This plant is not only the most expensive spice in the world but also very effective in modern medicine for the treatment of diseases such as Alzheimer's, liver disease, and, most importantly, cancer.

The quality of saffron stigma depends on environmental factors, nutrition, and post-harvest processes such as drying and storage conditions. Despite its value, saffron cultivation has not significantly changed since thousands of years ago. Today, saffron cultivation is facing challenges such as climate change, soil diseases, and labor shortages which reduce saffron production in the world.

This chapter reviews studies on new methods of saffron production under controlled conditions to find solutions and meet challenges and help producers to increase healthy and disease-free products with the highest quality by using new cultivation methods.

Read the complete research at

Moradi, S. (2022). Saffron Production Under Controlled Conditions. In: Vakhlu, J., Ambardar, S., Salami, S.A., Kole, C. (eds) The Saffron Genome. Compendium of Plant Genomes. Springer, Cham.