There are a wide variety of new microprocessors that are easy to program and configure to perform complex tasks, and with the right features, sensors, and additional mechanisms, we can prepare them to monitor and take care of the crops with automated processes.
Soil moisture, air temperature, humidity, CO2, and water level are some of the most basic parameters to monitor with sensors, but any type of sensor can be added if the signal is adapted so that the microprocessor can read it. The data read from the sensors allows us to control and automate processes using relays connected to a variety of external components like illumination, refrigeration, and irrigation systems.
This research team presents a solution to the environmental monitoring hydroponic system based on IoT. The developed device is low-powered, and the data obtained is transmitted via Zigbee to a central system where we can configure and control all the paired devices, so it is relatively easy to implement and escalate.
Read the complete research at www.researchgate.net.
Hostalrich, D. & Pelegri-Sebastia, J. & Sogorb, T. & Pellicer, V.. (2022). Intelligent Management of Hydroponic Systems Based on IoT for Agrifood Processes. Journal of Sensors. 2022. 1-11. 10.1155/2022/9247965.