Design and simulations of a self-assembling autonomous vertical farm for urban farming

Vertical farming has been proposed as a solution for diminishing arable land as it significantly reduces the footprint of farming. Most contemporary solutions use a low level of automation; however, automation of vertical farming is currently attracting attention from researchers. This paper introduces a conceptual design for an autonomous vertical farm where the main novelty is the self-assembling feature.

The proposed system is designed to be installed and used by a non-specialist. The system is designed for cost minimization, using one set of resources moved by a robot arm to service the plants. These resources include sensors, a depth camera, and the required farming tools. The farm has the capacity for self-powering, greenhouse conversion, data sharing and learning, and several other features. The paper provides the conceptual design in addition to an analysis of the dimensioning of the robot arm, time studies for operation, and an analysis of the self-powering ability.

Watawana, B.; Isaksson, M. Design and Simulations of a Self-Assembling Autonomous Vertical Farm for Urban Farming. Agriculture 2023, 13, 112. 

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